Azelaic acid is an organic compound that is found in grains, and is used in dermatology, primarily to treat acne, rosacea, and certain types of hyperpigmentation. In treating rosacea, azelaic acid's anti-inflammatory properties are useful in reducing the swelling symptoms common in rosacea.
The medication should be applied to the affected area of the skin once or twice a day unless otherwise specified by your doctor.
Slow reduction of inflammation over two to four weeks can be expected. Pigmentation surrounding the affected area may also be reduced.
How it works:
The two main properties of azelaic acid are that it inhibits melanin activity and reduces inflammation.
Dryness, itching, and irritation at the area where the medication is applied, are the most common side-effects. Hypopigmentation in those with a darker skin tone may on rare occasions occur.